Tom Welsch's Ditties

Mr. Welsch has had the blessed privilege of teaching various ages of children’s Sunday School classes at Trinity Baptist Church in Montville, New Jersey for over 30 years. 

Several years ago he began teaching The Pilgrim’s Progress to the 6th grade class, and he composed these ditties to help his students learn and remember what John Bunyan penned so many years ago. 

In order to help students follow the plot and the import of characters and actions, ditty is really a play on 'did he', viz what did he do? who did he meet? etc.

There are 67 ditties in total...

Some commentators dismiss the simple poems that dot Bunyan's text of The Pilgrim's Progress. Because they take a form closer to popular ballards rather than courtly style they are slighted as unworthy of the company of other 17th century poets like fellow allegorist Spencer, or the godly George Herbert, metaphyscial Donne, or even epic Puritan Milton. Yet, Elizabeth Clarke suspects an element of elitist snobbery in overlooking popular rhyme. After all it is accessible in its communication and a great teaching aid. Bunyan certainly put it to that explicit use in his Book for Boys and Girls


Mr Welsch's ditties might be seen as within the mode of memorable and fun rhyme that Bunyan employed in his text. If 'ditties' suggests trifling things of little weight, then no harm, in as much as they still help his students navigate the text.


Elizabeth Clarke, 'Truth in Meeter' Bunyan's Poetry and Dissenting Poetics, in Davies and Owens (eds) The Oxford Handbook of John Bunyan, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2018, pp. 325-342.


A dreamer dreamed upon his bed;

"What shall I do?" a poor man said.


Based on:

As I walked through the wilderness of this world, I came upon a certain place where there was a den; and I lay down in that place to sleep; and as I slept I dreamed a dream.


I dreamed, and behold I saw a man clothed in rags standing in a certain place, with his face turned away from his own house, a book in his hand, and a great burden on his back. I looked and saw him open the book, and read therein; and as he read, he wept and trembled: and not being able to contain himself any longer, he broke out with a lamentable cry, saying, “What shall I do?”


Evangelist asks, "Why stand and wait?

"Follow that light to the Wicket gate."



Based on:


Then said Evangelist, “If this is your condition, then why are you standing still?” He answered, “Because I do not know which way to go.” Then Evangelist gave him a parchment scroll on which was written within, “Fly from the wrath to come.”   


   Therefore, the man read the scroll, and looking upon Evangelist very carefully, said, “Which way must I go to escape?” Then said Evangelist, pointing with his finger beyond a very large field, “Do you see a Wicket-gate over there?” The man replied, “No.” Then he was asked, “Do you see a shining light not quite so far away?” He said, “I think I do.” Then said Evangelist, “Keep that light before your eye, and go directly toward it, and then you shall see the gate, at which, when you knock, you will be told what you are to do.” 


His family cries out; but they cry out in vain;

With fingers in ears, Pilgrim runs toward the plain.



Based on:


So I saw in my dream that the man began to run. Now he had not run far from his own door when his wife and children, perceiving it, began to cry after him to return; but the man put his fingers in his ears, and ran on crying, Life! life! eternal life!. So he looked not behind him, but fled towards the middle of the plain.


His neighbors advise, "Return! Go back home!"

"Don't be a crazy-headed coxcomb!"




Based on:


The name of the one was Obstinate and the name of the other Pliable. Now by this time the man was got a good distance from them; but, however, they were resolved to pursue him, which they did, and in a little time they overtook him. Then said the man, “Neighbors, wherefore are you come?” They said, “To persuade you to go back with us.”[...] Obstinate: Come then, neighbor Pliable, let us turn again, and go home without him: there is a company of these crazy-headed coxcombs, that when they take a fancy by the end, are wiser in their own eyes than seven men that can render a reason.


Pliable says, “I think I’ll go too;”

Soon both of them fall—fall into the slough.


Based on:

      PLIABLE: Perhaps you are right. But don’t be so critical. If what good Christian says is true, then the things that he seeks after are better than ours; my heart is inclined to go with my neighbor. 


       NOW I saw in my dream that just as they had ended this talk, they drew near to a very miry slough that was in the middle of the plain. And not watching where they were going, they both suddenly fell into the bog. The name of the Slough was Despond.


While Help pulls Christian out of the Slough,

Pliable returns saying, “I’ve had it! I’m through!”


Based on:

     Hence, Pliable, making several toilsome attempts, eventually struggled out of the mire on that side of the Slough which was closest to his own house. So he went back and Christian saw him no more. 


     Therefore, Christian was left to tumble in the Slough of Despond alone. But he still endeavored to struggle to that side of the Slough that was further from his own house and closer to the Wicket-gate. And this he did, yet he was unable to get out because of the burden that was upon his back. However, I saw in my dream that a man came to him named Help.

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